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Sommaires des Revues - Pediatric Neurosurgery

PNE : Last 10 articles


Last 10 articles published in Pediatric Neurosurgery


Predictors of Surgical Outcomes of Traumatic Peripheral Nerve Injuries in Children: An Institutional Experience  Voir?

Aim: This study was undertaken to address the epidemiological characteristics, operative details, and surgical outcome of peripheral nerve injuries in children treated in a tertiary hospital in India (NIMHANS, Bangalore). Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective study of epidemiology, operative findings, and surgical outcomes over the period of 2000-2016. Our series includes 102 children with peripheral nerve injuries of various causes. Results: Intramuscular injections were the most common cause (52.9%), followed by entrapment (15.6%). The most common nerve involved was the sciatic nerve (54.9%), followed by the common peroneal nerve (13.7%), the ulnar nerve (10.8%), and the radial nerve (10.8%). Perineural adhesion was the most common intraoperative finding (74.5%), followed by a neuroma in continuity (14.7%) and gap (10.8%). Most of the children with peripheral adhesion underwent external and internal neurolysis (75.5%). Follow-up was available for 67 children. The median follow-up period was 7 months (range 3-36). The outcome was assessed according to MRC grading. Favorable functional improvement was noted in 76.1% of the children. Age less than 10 years (p = 0. 06), injury before 6 months (p = 0.03), and MRC motor grade (<3) (p = 0. 01) were positive predictive factors related to the final outcome. Conclusion: Early surgical intervention, age less than 10 years, and incomplete motor palsy were the best predictors of a superior functional outcome. This study can serve as a guide to determine the epidemiology, duration of intervention, and surgical outcome of traumatic peripheral nerve injuries in the pediatric population
Pediatr Neurosurg

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Contents Vol. 52, 2017  Voir?


Pediatr Neurosurg 2017;52:I-V
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Title Page / Table of Contents  Voir?


Pediatr Neurosurg 2017;52:357-360
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Author and Subject Index Vol. 52, No. 6, 2017  Voir?


Pediatr Neurosurg 2017;52:462
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Interhemispheric and Infratentorial Subdural Empyema with Preseptal Cellulitis as Complications of Sinusitis: A Case Report  Voir?

Intracranial complications of paranasal sinusitis have become rare due to the use of antibiotics nowadays. However, several cases have been reported due the ability of paranasal sinusitis to cause serious complications. Once the infection spreads over the cranial structure, it could infect the orbits, underlying bones, meninges, adjacent veins, and brain. Subdural empyema is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication following paranasal sinusitis and should be considered as a neurological emergency. The location where subdural empyema may appear is a challenge in diagnosis and treatment. We report the case of a 17-year-old boy who presented in a state of somnolence due to interhemispheric and infratentorial subdural empyema with preseptal cellulitis secondary to pansinusitis. Early diagnosis and aggressive antibiotic treatment combined with neurosurgical operation were mandatorily implemented. The case was managed using a multidisciplinary approach including the ENT, eye, and nutrition departments. The boy achieved clinical improvement, with impairment of eye movement as the only persistent symptom before discharge. Daily supervision at the primary health care center with continuous antibiotic treatment was recommended to the patient. Pertinent literature with controversies in the management of subdural empyema will be briefly discussed in this case report.
Pediatr Neurosurg

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Intracranial Epidural Haematoma following Surgical Removal of a Giant Lumbosacral Schwannoma: A Case Report and Literature Review  Voir?

Postoperative intracranial epidural haematoma (EDH) is an extremely rare complication following spinal surgery, with only a handful of cases described in the literature. We report the case of a 16-year-old girl who underwent a successful subtotal resection of a giant lumbosacral schwannoma (L2-S2 level). Recovery from general anaesthesia was uneventful; however, her neurological status deteriorated rapidly within 24 h after surgery. A head computed tomography scan revealed a large right frontoparietal EDH with midline shift. An immediate frontotemporoparietal osteoplastic craniotomy and evacuation of the EDH were performed. At 1 year postoperatively, the patient regained full neurological recovery with no radiological signs of growth of the residual tumour.
Pediatr Neurosurg

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Extending the Neuroanatomic Territory of Diffuse Midline Glioma, K27M Mutant: Pineal Region Origin  Voir?

Diffuse midline glioma, H3-K27M mutant (DMG-K27M) is a newly described, molecularly distinct infiltrative glioma that almost exclusively arises in midline CNS structures, including the brain stem, especially the pons, as well as the thalamus and spinal cord with rare examples seen in the cerebellum, third ventricle, and hypothalamus. To our knowledge, only 1 case of a molecularly confirmed DMG-K27M arising in the pineal region has been previously reported. We present the second occurrence of a tissue-confirmed DMG-K27M of the pineal region, which, to our knowledge, is the first case reported in a child and the first case with documented preoperative MRI. This case, in addition to a prior report described in an adult, defines the lower end of a broad age range of DMG-K27M onset (12-65 years) and establishes the pineal gland as a bona fide site of origin for this newly codified midline glioma.
Pediatr Neurosurg

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Emerging Insights and New Perspectives on the Nature of Hydrocephalus  Voir?


Pediatr Neurosurg 2017;52:361-368
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Outcomes and Prognostic Factors in Pediatric Oligodendroglioma: A Population-Based Study  Voir?

Background/Aims: Pediatric oligodendroglioma (pODG) is a rare primary brain tumor that remains poorly understood. Demographics, outcomes, and prognostic factors were analyzed in 346 pODG cases from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database. Methods: Gender, race, age, tumor location, tumor size, tumor grade, extent of resection, and use of radiotherapy were evaluated with respect to overall survival (OS) by univariate and multivariate analysis. These factors were assessed in the pediatric cohort and 5,753 adult oligodendroglioma cases for comparison. Results: The mean OS in pODG was 199.6 months. Five- and 10-year survival rates were 85 and 81%. pODG arose less frequently in the frontal lobe than adult tumors (53 vs. 22%) but was more common in the temporal lobe (32 vs. 18%) and extracortical regions (19 vs. 5%, p < 0.0001). pODG presented with smaller size (55 vs. 24%, p < 0.0001) and lower grade (72 vs. 54%, p < 0.0001) than adult tumors. Tumor location, size, grade, use of radiotherapy, and extent of resection were significant prognostic factors. Size and grade were much stronger prognostic factors in children than adults. While children with oligodendroglioma survive much longer than adults on the whole, there was no difference in outcome between children with high-grade tumors and adults with high-grade tumors. Conclusion: pODG differs significantly from adult oligodendroglioma along a number of demographic and tumor factors at a population level, and key prognostic factors influence survival differently in pODG than in adult disease.
Pediatr Neurosurg

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A Case of a 4-Year-Old Female with a Primary Spinal Malignancy Presenting with Froin's Syndrome  Voir?

We report the case of a 4-year-old female with a primary extradural intramedullary atypical teratoid/rhabdoid tumor (AT/RT) leading to a middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarct and Froin's syndrome. She presented with a 6-pound weight loss over the previous week, as well as a decreased urinary output and an altered mental status. She underwent a brain MRI that revealed a left MCA infarct, mild ventriculomegaly, and bilateral internal carotid artery, M1, and A1 stenosis. An external ventricular drain (EVD) was placed due to increased intracranial pressure. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) was analyzed via lumbar puncture that revealed extremely elevated protein. However, CSF sampled from the EVD was completely normal, a phenomenon called Froin's syndrome. The following day, she developed a right MCA infarct. Her grim prognosis was discussed with her family and care was eventually withdrawn. The patient underwent an autopsy which confirmed a spinal AT/RT. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of stroke and Froin's syndrome as the initial manifestations of a primary spinal AT/RT with a late onset of spinal cord compression due to tumor obstruction.
Pediatr Neurosurg

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Dernière mise à jour : 21/11/2017 : 12:18


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